This section here will include excerts from Neal Adams website:
I urge you all to go there and read it for yourself so that you can see that he himself has written it. I will not twist
or fabricate any of his work, rather just repeat it.
Neal Adams Science Project:
If you do not want to read a lot of garbage, and would rather see Neal Adams original video on Pangaea, which only covers
a small portion of his essay, then click the link below to view his quicktime video. The video are in his own words.
Neal Adams Pangea Video:
Excerpt from "Case against Pangea": See http://www.nealadams.com/nmu.html
"Geologists then say, that once assembled into planets, moons, and suns;this activity gave us a molten (from all
the friction of assembly) differentiated Earth. Differentiated; like in a caldron;melted in that, the lightest material rose
to the surface; which was presumably granitic rock; then down to basalts; then heavier silicates at the bottom, or core, you
have iron and the heavier elements.
Let us say we accepted this whole wrong scenario; The Earth finished, cools in time; The Earth must then be coated completely
by a 2 - 4 mile crust of light granitic rock, and under that we find basalts.
Comparing that to today's world we find an Earth that merely has pieces of this granitic crust. We went from an Earth
completely covered with a relatively thick outer crust of granitic rock to a few, seven, scattered pieces that we call continents.
Where is the rest of the crust?
The only time geologists admit to us that massive crust is gone is when they come up with theories like the one where
a rogue planet comes barreling through space and grazes Earth. Rips off a massive chunk; or peels off the crust; thats one
of my favorites, and deposits it in orbit to be our moon. Unlike all the other moons in our solar system, which were made
by what? Other rogue planets? Ming the Merciless? Rogue planets? This is fantasy.
Added together these continental upper plate areas cover only between one third to one quarter of the Earth. Where is
the rest of the outer crust? Three quarters of it seems to be missing. It has to be somewhere, This much stuff can't disappear.
If we got it back it would give us four times the continental surface and mass than we have now!
I think the continental crust; is the whole crust of a smaller Earth. In fact, it all does fit together on a smaller Earth.
Granitic rock cannot subduct as geologists insist the oceanic plate does, because it's too light! This is fact!
This alone disproves the pangea theory! Granitic rock cannot subduct. Yet, three quarters, twenty one continents worth,
is gone! Simply gone. No explanation!
I say this: Earth was progressively smaller as we go back in time over 4 - 5 billion years it grew from a small planetesimal
to a planet the size of Mars. The increasing speed of growth increased exponentially. The heat under the crust from this growth
increased as it grew and the thin thick crust cracked more profoundly, and 2 - 4 miles deep, and over the final 200 million
years rifted the ocean to reveal new deeper basalt plate until we have the Earth we see today.
An aside, you may fairly ask how this matter can be created. It's created at the plasma core of all planets, moons, and
suns by a process that is so common that science has a name for it, pair production!It's how all matter is made from energy."
" Pangeaists insist against all reasonable symmetries, that all the continents moved to one side of Earth about
600 million years ago, (pick your own time, (it's all a guessing game) they gathered together on one side of the Earth, and
for some unexplained reason stayed on that side for 400 million to 600 million years. Sound incredible?
Then in an desperate attempt to explain the clear fact that all the continents fit perfectly together geologists say,
that in some magical other unnamed time, and for some unnamed reason, all the continents, once-upon-a-previous-fictional-made-up-time,
gathered and connected in the Pacific, again, into one giant island that they named Rodinia. The continents gathered to form
Rodinia, in the Pacific, then broke apart and zipped around the planet to gather, and then form Pangea in the Atlantic! You
can see why timing is everything in this. How could the two giant islands exist at the same time? What intellectual terror
prevents science from the obvious conclusion that Rodinia and Pangea happened at the same time on a smaller Earth, I cannot
explain. This, in the face of facts that the ocean floor in all oceans of the world is the same progressive age and none of
it, none, is older than 180 million years old. Apparently it's easier to believe that continents travel around the planet
than it is to consider that the Earth grew."
"We (I) say this: These conclusions defy reason and common sense. Scientifically they have no basis in fact, only
theory that gets stronger every year! Granitic rock and basalt is, on average, three times heavier than water. Let's suppose
Pangea is on one side of the Earth as the Pangeaists say. Let's add that if today we can say the land masses rise on average,
half mile above sea level, that equals a mile and a half of water, then the pangea side of Earth is four and one half times
heavier than the water side!
This shift results in a natural shift of the center of gravity to the Pangea side. Not much for the whole Earth, but quite
enough to sink most of Pangea into the sea. It's also enough to raise the middle of the Pacific out into the air.
In addition, at this configuration, the continents could not move. Pangea is in a hole as it were gravity wise. Everything
else is up hill!"
"Continents sit on and in oceanic plates like cups welded to growing, spreading plates."
"Third: And quite telling there is no evidence even that oceanic plate subducts under the actual continental plates
at all!! Is this a surprise to you? None has been seen. In fact, the concept is nearly impossible to actually imagine based
on facts. The continents, themselves, are plus or minus 30 to 40 miles thick! The oceanic plates are only 4 to 5 miles thick.
The continents are not only solid and 35 miles thick, they become part of the increasingly dense asthenosphere beneath making
it solid into solid. In other words, a total barrier to subducting plates. Not exactly what you have been led to believe is
Some may think that what I'm saying contradicts the observed truth itself, that the Ring of Fire, and the trenches you
have heard about are up against the continents. They are not! They are, in fact, on average, hundreds of miles from continents,
(see for yourself! Hardly like the drawings they show in books is it?) Subduction zones and trenches generally line the edges
of newly created volcanic islands. In fact, this is exactly what we see trenches pushing down along side volcanic islands
that are pushing upwards! The continents play no part in this process. The continents are too thick and old to enter!"
"The mountains in Asia?
We've discussed how mountains are made. The thick continental plates must re-curve to a growing planet. The greatest mountain
range on Earth should be from compression folding at the center of the biggest continent on Earth. That would be the Himalayans."
"Then the worst possible thing happened, tectonic matching in the Pacific showed undeniable coincidences of tectonics
.. at one time the Pacific was closed. So back to the drawing board the continents must have been joined in the Pacific as
well. Some explanation was needed fast!
Of course they couldn't even suggest, in any way, that this new massive island they named Rodinia, was assembled at the
same time as Pangea! So they assigned a time to it that would never be suspected to conflict with Pangea. They said it was
formed 11 to 12 hundred million years ago, and it broke up 9, or 8, or 7 hundred million years ago."
Click Here to see the original essay written by Neal Adams.